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If you have a few years of experience in the Java ecosystem and you’d like to share that with the community, have a look at our Contribution Guidelines.

November Discount Launch 2022 – Top
We’re finally running a Black Friday launch. All Courses are 30% off until the end of this week:


Expanded Audience – Frontegg – Security (partner)
announcement - icon User management is very complex, when implemented properly. No surprise here.

Not having to roll all of that out manually, but instead integrating a mature, fully-fledged solution - yeah, that makes a lot of sense.
That's basically what Frontegg is - User Management for your application. It's focused on making your app scalable, secure and enjoyable for your users.
From signup to authentication, it supports simple scenarios all the way to complex and custom application logic.

Have a look:

>> Elegant User Management, Tailor-made for B2B SaaS

NPI – Lightrun – Spring (partner)

We rely on other people’s code in our own work. Every day. It might be the language you’re writing in, the framework you’re building on, or some esoteric piece of software that does one thing so well you never found the need to implement it yourself.

The problem is, of course, when things fall apart in production - debugging the implementation of a 3rd party library you have no intimate knowledge of is, to say the least, tricky. It’s difficult to understand what talks to what and, specifically, which part of the underlying library is at fault.

Lightrun is a new kind of debugger.

It's one geared specifically towards real-life production environments. Using Lightrun, you can drill down into running applications, including 3rd party dependencies, with real-time logs, snapshots, and metrics. No hotfixes, redeployments, or restarts required.

Learn more in this quick, 5-minute Lightrun tutorial:

>> The Essential List of Spring Boot Annotations and Their Use Cases

1. Overview

In the previous article titled “Intro to Spring Remoting with HTTP Invokers” we saw how easy is to set up a client/server application that leverages remote method invocation (RMI) through Spring Remoting.

In this article, we will show how Spring Remoting supports the implementation of RMI using Hessian and Burlap instead.

2. Maven Dependencies

Both Hessian and Burlap are provided by the following library that you will need to include explicitly in your pom.xml file:


You can find the latest version on Maven Central.

3. Hessian

Hessian is a lightweight binary protocol from Caucho, the makers of the Resin application server. Hessian implementations exist for several platforms and languages, Java included.

In the following subsections, we will modify the “cab booking” example presented in the previous article to make the client and the server to communicate using Hessian instead of the Spring Remote HTTP based protocol.

3.1. Exposing the Service

Let's expose the service by configuring a RemoteExporter of type HessianServiceExporter, replacing the HttpInvokerServiceExporter previously used:

@Bean(name = "/booking") 
RemoteExporter bookingService() {
    HessianServiceExporter exporter = new HessianServiceExporter();
    exporter.setService(new CabBookingServiceImpl());
    exporter.setServiceInterface( CabBookingService.class );
    return exporter;

We can now start the server and keep it active while we prepare the client.

3.2. Client Application

Let's implement the client. Here again, the modifications are quite simple — we need to replace the HttpInvokerProxyFactoryBean with a HessianProxyFactoryBean:

public class HessianClient {

    public HessianProxyFactoryBean hessianInvoker() {
        HessianProxyFactoryBean invoker = new HessianProxyFactoryBean();
        return invoker;

    public static void main(String[] args) throws BookingException {
        CabBookingService service
          = SpringApplication.run(HessianClient.class, args)
          service.bookRide("13 Seagate Blvd, Key Largo, FL 33037"));

Let's now run the client to make it connect to the server using Hessian.

4. Burlap

Burlap is another lightweight protocol from Caucho, based on XML. Caucho stopped maintaining it a long time ago, and for that, its support has been deprecated in the newest Spring releases, even though it is already present.

Therefore you should reasonably continue using Burlap only if you have applications that are already distributed and that cannot easily be migrated to another Spring Remoting implementation.

4.1. Exposing the Service

We can use Burlap exactly in the same way that we used Hessian — we just have to choose the proper implementation:

@Bean(name = "/booking") 
RemoteExporter burlapService() {
    BurlapServiceExporter exporter = new BurlapServiceExporter();
    exporter.setService(new CabBookingServiceImpl());
    exporter.setServiceInterface( CabBookingService.class );
    return exporter;

As you can see, we just changed the type of exporter from HessianServiceExporter to BurlapServiceExporter. All the setup code can be left unchanged.

Again, let's start the server and let's keep it running while we work on the client.

4.2. Client Implementation

We can likewise swap Hessian for Burlap at the client side, changing out HessianProxyFactoryBean with BurlapProxyFactoryBean:

public BurlapProxyFactoryBean burlapInvoker() {
    BurlapProxyFactoryBean invoker = new BurlapProxyFactoryBean();
    return invoker;

We can now run the client and see how it connects successfully to the server application using Burlap.

5. Conclusion

With these quick examples, we showed how it is easy with Spring Remoting to choose among different technologies to implement remote method invocation and how you can develop an application being completely unaware of the technical details of the protocol used to represent the remote method invocation.

As usual, you'll find the sources over on GitHub, with clients for both Hessian and Burlap and the JUnit test CabBookingServiceTest.java that will take care of running both the server and the clients.

November Discount Launch 2022 – Bottom
We’re finally running a Black Friday launch. All Courses are 30% off until the end of this week:


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