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1. Overview

In this tutorial, we’ll continue with the second part of Spring Data Querydsl Web Support. Here, we’ll focus on associated entities and how to create queries over HTTP.

Following the same configuration used in part one, we’ll create a Maven-based project. Please refer to the original article to check how to set up the basics.

2. Entities

First, let’s add a new entity (Address) creating a relationship between the user and her address. We’ve used the OneToOne relationship to keep it simple.

Consequently, we’ll have the following classes:

@Entity 
public class User {

    @Id 
    @GeneratedValue
    private Long id;

    private String name;

    @OneToOne(fetch = FetchType.LAZY, mappedBy = "user") 
    private Address addresses;

    // getters & setters 
}
@Entity 
public class Address {

    @Id 
    @GeneratedValue
    private Long id;

    private String address;

    private String country;

    @OneToOne(fetch = FetchType.LAZY) 
    @JoinColumn(name = "user_id") 
    private User user;

    // getters & setters
}

3. Spring Data Repositories

At this point, we have to create the Spring Data repositories, as usual, one for each entity. Note that these repositories will have the Querydsl configuration.

Let’s see the AddressRepository repository and explain how the framework configuration works:

public interface AddressRepository extends JpaRepository<Address, Long>, 
  QueryDslPredicateExecutor<Address>, QuerydslBinderCustomizer<QAddress> {
 
    @Override 
    default void customize(QuerydslBindings bindings, QAddress root) {
        bindings.bind(String.class)
          .first((SingleValueBinding<StringPath, String>) StringExpression::eq);
    }
}

We’re overriding the customize() method to configure the default binding. In this case, we’ll customize the default method binding to be equals, for all String properties.

Once the repository is all set, we just have to add a @RestController to manage the HTTP queries.

4. Query Rest Controller

In part one, we explained the Query@RestController over user repository, here, we’ll just reuse it.

Also, we may want to query the address table; so for this, we’ll just add a similar method:

@GetMapping(value = "/addresses", produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE)
public Iterable<Address> queryOverAddress(
  @QuerydslPredicate(root = Address.class) Predicate predicate) {
    BooleanBuilder builder = new BooleanBuilder();
    return addressRepository.findAll(builder.and(predicate));
}

Let’s create some tests to see how this works.

5. Integration Testing

We’ve included a test to prove how Querydsl works. For this, we are using the MockMvc framework to simulate HTTP querying over user joining this entity with the new one: address. Therefore, we are now able to make queries filtering address attributes.

Let’s retrieve all users living in Spain:

/users?addresses.country=Spain 

@Test
public void givenRequest_whenQueryUserFilteringByCountrySpain_thenGetJohn() throws Exception {
    mockMvc.perform(get("/users?address.country=Spain")).andExpect(status().isOk()).andExpect(content()
      .contentType(contentType))
      .andExpect(jsonPath("$", hasSize(1)))
      .andExpect(jsonPath("$[0].name", is("John")))
      .andExpect(jsonPath("$[0].address.address", is("Fake Street 1")))
      .andExpect(jsonPath("$[0].address.country", is("Spain")));
}

As a result, Querydsl will map the predicate sent over HTTP and generates the following SQL script:

select user0_.id as id1_1_, 
       user0_.name as name2_1_ 
from user user0_ 
      cross join address address1_ 
where user0_.id=address1_.user_id 
      and address1_.country='Spain'

6. Conclusion

To sum up, we have seen that Querydsl offers to the web clients a very simple alternative to create dynamic queries; another powerful use of this framework.

In part I, we saw how to retrieve data from one table; consequently, now, we can add queries joining several tables, offering web-clients a better experience filtering directly over HTTP requests they make.

The implementation of this example can be checked in the GitHub project – this is a Maven-based project, so it should be easy to import and run as it is.

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Anthony
Guest
Anthony

Hello,
Thank you for this good article. Do you have any idea how to work with QueryDsl and DTO ?
Do you think it’s a good practice to work with DTO for QueryDsl ?

Regards,
Anthony

Eugen Paraschiv
Member

Happy to help, Anthony.
So, usually when you think about a tool like QueryDSL, you’re thinking of persistence. My suggestion is – try to have a clear separation between these areas in your application, and keep the DTOs logically separate from the underlying persistence entities.
Hope that helps.
Cheers,
Eugen.