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Lightrun – Third Party Code
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We rely on other people’s code in our own work. Every day. It might be the language you’re writing in, the framework you’re building on, or some esoteric piece of software that does one thing so well you never found the need to implement it yourself.

The problem is, of course, when things fall apart in production - debugging the implementation of a 3rd party library you have no intimate knowledge of is, to say the least, tricky. It’s difficult to understand what talks to what and, specifically, which part of the underlying library is at fault.

Lightrun is a new kind of debugger.

It's one geared specifically towards real-life production environments. Using Lightrun, you can drill down into running applications, including 3rd party dependencies, with real-time logs, snapshots, and metrics. No hotfixes, redeployments, or restarts required.

Learn more in this quick, 5-minute Lightrun tutorial:

>> The Essential List of Spring Boot Annotations and Their Use Cases

1. Overview

In this quick tutorial, we're going to look at how to convert a standard String to an InputStream using plain Java, Guava and the Apache Commons IO library.

This tutorial is part of the Java – Back to Basics series here on Baeldung.

2. Convert With Plain Java

Let's start with a simple example using Java to do the conversion — using an intermediary byte array:

public void givenUsingPlainJava_whenConvertingStringToInputStream_thenCorrect() 
  throws IOException {
    String initialString = "text";
    InputStream targetStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(initialString.getBytes());

The getBytes() method encodes this String using the platform’s default charset, so to avoid undesirable behavior, we can use getBytes(Charset charset) and control the encoding process.

3. Convert With Guava

Guava doesn't provide a direct conversion method but does allow us to get a CharSource out of the String and easily convert it to a ByteSource.

Then it's easy to obtain the InputStream:

public void givenUsingGuava_whenConvertingStringToInputStream_thenCorrect() 
  throws IOException {
    String initialString = "text";
    InputStream targetStream = 

The asByteSource method is in fact marked as @Beta. This means it can be removed in the future Guava release. We need to keep this in mind.

4. Convert With Commons IO

Finally, the Apache Commons IO library provides an excellent direct solution:

public void givenUsingCommonsIO_whenConvertingStringToInputStream_thenCorrect() 
  throws IOException {
    String initialString = "text";
    InputStream targetStream = IOUtils.toInputStream(initialString);

Note that we're leaving the input stream open in these examples, so don't forget to close it.

5. Conclusion

In this article, we presented three simple and concise ways to get an InputStream out of a simple String.

As always, the full source code is available over on GitHub.

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Get started with Spring 5 and Spring Boot 2, through the Learn Spring course:

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