If you have a few years of experience in the Java ecosystem and you'd like to share that with the community, have a look at our **Contribution Guidelines**.

# Make Division of Two Integers Result in a Float

Last modified: August 30, 2022

## 1. Overview

We can use the division operator (/) to divide the left-hand value by the right-hand one in Java. For instance, *int number = 10 / 5*.

In this quick tutorial, we'll explore how to get a *float* result from the integer division operation.

## 2. Introduction to the Problem

First of all, for simplicity, we'll use unit test assertions to verify the calculation result in this tutorial.

We may have realized **when we apply the division operator on two integers like a/b, it always returns an integer, even though a isn't evenly divisible by **

*for example:*

**b**,```
int i = 10 / 4;
assertEquals(2, i);
```

If we run the test, it passes. So, *10 / 4 *produces 2 instead of *2.5*. Moreover, even if we assign the calculation result to a *float* variable, the result is still two:

```
float x = 10 / 4;
assertEquals(2, x);
```

So next, let's first understand why this happens and then figure out how to get the desired *float* result, for example, 2.5 in this case.

## 3. Why Does the Division of Two Integers Always Result in an Integer in Java?

To understand why 10 / 4 = 2 in Java, we need to check the division operator section in JLS (Java Language Specification) to know how the division operator's behavior is defined.

First, the specification states that **integer division rounds toward zero**. In other words, **the result of the division operation of two integers is only the quotient value. The remainder is not included.**

Therefore, when we calculate *10 / 4*, we get 2 instead of 2.5.

Next, let's see how to get the expected *float* result if the two integers are not divisible.

## 4. How to Make Division of Two Integers Result in a Float?

Now, we've understood how the division operator works with two integers. JLS has also defined primitive operands conversion rules in Binary numeric promotion.

**Binary numeric promotion is performed on *, /, and % operators**. Therefore, the division operation follows the operand conversion rules.

So next, let's take a closer look at the operand conversion rule.

As per the JLS, when we calculate *a/b*:

- If either operand is of type
*double,*the other is converted to*double.* - Otherwise, if either operand is of type
*float,*the other is converted to*float.* - Otherwise, if either operand is of type
*long,*the other is converted to*long.* - Otherwise, both operands are converted to type
*int.*

Based on the rule above, if we want to make the *a/b* operation result in a *float* number, at least one operand should be of type *float. *

So, next, let's see if we can get the expected result when we cast one operand to *float*:

```
float x = (float) 10 / 4;
assertEquals(2.5, x);
float y = 10 / (float) 8;
assertEquals(1.25, y);
```

The test above passes if we give it a run. Therefore, **casting any operand to float makes the division produce a float result**.

## 5. Conclusion

In this quick article, we've discussed why the division of integers always results in integers in Java.

Further, we've addressed how to get the expected *float* result from the division of integers. This is particularly useful for nondivisible cases.

As usual, all code snippets presented in the article are available over on GitHub.