In this tutorial, we’ll learn about front-end and back-end development and their differences.
Web development is the process of creating web applications on the Internet.
A website consists of two parts: the front-end and the back-end.
2. What Is Front-End Development?
The front-end is part of the website that the user can see and directly interact with. It’s also known as the client-side.
The front-end is concerned with how things look on a website. Furthermore, it includes text, graphics, colors, styles, alignments, and navigation.
One of the main objectives of front-end development is to make websites responsive, which means making sure that the website renders well on a variety of devices and screen sizes. This practice is also known as responsive web design (RWD).
The common languages that we can use for front-end development are:
- HTML: a markup language for creating and organizing web content
- CSS: a language we use to format the layout of webpages (like colors and fonts)
The popular frameworks and libraries that we can use for front-end development include:
- Angular: a TypeScript-based web application framework
- Bootstrap: a front-end CSS framework
3. What Is Back-End Development?
The back-end is part of the website that users can’t see and directly interact with. It’s also known as the server-side.
The back-end is concerned with how things work and consists of logic and data. Moreover, it is responsible for storing and organizing data and ensuring data integrity.
It also connects the front-end components and makes sure the front-end works properly. Further, it involves building APIs, managing the database, adding functionalities, creating libraries, and working with server-side components.
The languages that we can use for back-end development are high-level, general-purpose programming languages like:
- Python: a dynamically-typed language
- Java: an object-oriented language
- Ruby: an interpreted language
- Go: a statically-typed language
- PHP: a scripting language
The frameworks and libraries that we can use for back-end development include:
- Django: for Python
- Flask: for Python
- Spring: for Java
- Ruby on Rails: for Ruby
4. The Differences
Now let’s see the differences:
In this article, we learned about front-end and back-end development and their differences.