## 1. Overview

In this quick tutorial, we’ll get familiar with a few ways to convert integers to their corresponding hexadecimal values.

## 2. *Integer.toHexString()*

The simplest way to convert an integer to its corresponding hexadecimal form is to use the *Integer.toHexString(int) *method:

```
val hex = Integer.toHexString(4001)
assertEquals("fa1", hex)
```

As shown above, the *toHexString() *method generates the hex value as expected. **It’s worth mentioning that this method will convert negative numbers to their unsigned values under the hood.**

## 3. The *toString() *Extension Function

As of Kotlin 1.1, we can use the *toString(radix: Int) *extension function on integers to convert them to hex values:

```
val number = 4001
assertEquals("fa1", number.toString(16))
```

As shown above, this function accepts the base or radix number as its argument. Obviously, we’re passing 16 to ask for hexadecimal values.

**Interestingly, there is a subtle difference between Integer.toHexString() and toString() on unsigned conversion.** More specifically, the former first converts the integer to its unsigned equivalent. So, for negative numbers, they return different values:

```
val number = -100
assertNotEquals(Integer.toHexString(number), number.toString(16))
```

To fix this, we can convert the integer to its unsigned long equivalent before calling *toString()*:

`assertEquals(Integer.toHexString(number), number.toUInt().toString(16))`

As shown above, we’re using the unsigned integer feature introduced in Kotlin 1.3 for unsigned conversion.

Alternatively, we can perform a bitwise *and *operation with*“0xffffffffL” *to convert the integer to its unsigned long form:

```
val unsignedLong = number.toLong() and 0xffffffffL
assertEquals(Integer.toHexString(number), unsignedLong.toString(16))
```

This can be useful, especially when the *toUInt() *isn’t available as an option.

## 4. Format Specifiers

**In addition to the above approaches, we can also use the format() extension function for this conversion**. To do that, we have to call the

*format()*method with the

*“%x”*format specifier:

```
val number = 4001
assertEquals("fa1", "%x".format(number))
```

The *“%x” *specifier will convert the given numbers to their hexadecimal forms.

## 5. Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learned a few approaches to convert integers to their corresponding hexadecimal strings.

As usual, all the examples are available over on GitHub.